Established by royal decree in 1975, the Identification Commission is a mobilisation unit administered by NCIS. The Commission includes professionals based in the cities of Bergen, Oslo, Tromsø and Trondheim. Members are experts from the NCIS forensic laboratory, forensic pathologists, forensic dentists, detectives and office personnel.

Its mission is to establish identities in the event of air crashes, snow avalanches, landslides, floods, accidents at sea or other disasters involving multiple fatalities, and in the event of discovery of an unidentified dead body or unidentified human remains. In the process, it collects evidence that may help determine the cause of the incident and who is accountable.

The Identification Commission has assisted in major accidents in Norway since 1975, including the identification efforts following the terrorist attacks of 22 July 2011. In terms of major identification efforts abroad, we may mention the 2004 tsunami in Thailand. It is a member of the Interpol Disaster Victim Identification Steering Group, and makes at least two identifications a week on average.