If the police have to remove you, you will have to pay the costs. If you do not have money for the flight ticket, Norwegian authorities will pay it for you. However, you must repay the cost of the ticket. If you do not repay the cost of your ticket, you may not be permitted to enter Norway in the future.
If you applied for asylum when you came to Norway, your passport and any other documents you handed in upon arrival in Norway will be returned to you, at the latest upon arrival in your home country.
If your documents have been handed over to the authorities in your home country in connection with a forced return, you may have to contact them to get your documents back.
The Dublin Regulation is an agreement between the EU, Iceland, Switzerland, Liechtenstein and Norway. It regulates where the processing of asylum applications will take place.
If a so-called "Dublin decision" has been made to transfer you to another country, you will be returned to the country responsible for processing your application. The country you are going to must always be notified in advance, and your transport there has to be organised by the police.
This means that the Directorate of Immigration has expelled you from Norway for a certain number of years, or permanently. During the expulsion period, you will be banned from re-entering Norway. The entry ban often includes all of Schengen. Violating the entry ban is a punishable crime.
- Rejection of entry
This means that you are refused entry to Norway or that you are ordered by Norwegian authorities to leave Norway. Being refused entry does not mean that you have been banned from entering Norway in the future. You can return to Norway later, but you will have to pay for previous returns if you did not pay for them. If not, you may be expelled from Norway in the future.
- Forced return
The police will escort you out of Norway.
- Anyone who is in Norway, but does not have permission to stay here, can apply for assisted return. However, this does not include persons who are subject to the scheme for fast-track asylum application processing.
- At any time during your asylum application process, you can apply for assisted return to your home country with the International Organization for Migration (IOM). You do not have to wait until your application has been rejected.
- If your case is covered by the Dublin Regulation, you can apply for assisted return to your home country or some other country where you have permission to stay. IOM cannot assist you with your return from Norway to any other country covered by the Dublin Regulation.
If your asylum application is rejected, you have will have to leave Norway within a given deadline. If you wish to make an assisted return on your own, you must apply before the deadline.
How to apply for assisted return
Apply using the application portal on the website of the Directorate of Immigration.
The website also provides useful information about assisted return.
The Directorate of Immigration and the police will, in cooperation with IOM, decide your application. The assisted voluntary return programme is a collaboration between the IOM and the Directorate of Immigration.
Norway has readmission agreements with 30 countries, but returns people to more than 100 different countries each year. A readmission agreement is not necessary for Norway to return someone to their home country, but such agreements simplify and make the return process to some countries more efficient.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs negotiates the readmission agreements.
Return – frequently asked questions
Here you can find answers to frequently asked questions about return:
- What happens during a forced return?
A forced return often starts with the arrest a returnee at his or her home or the Asylum reception centre. The tickets will have been booked in advance, the airline will have been notified and arrangements will have been made with the local police for arrest and return. The Asylum reception centre and the country the person is being returned to will usually have been notified.
Such an arrest normally takes place early in the morning to give the arrested person time to pack his or her belongings before being deported. Once the arrested person has packed, she or he is transported to the airport by the police. If the person has to wait at the Immigration Detention Centre at Trandum, she or he will be taken there.
The number of police officers escorting the deported person will vary, depending on security considerations. Police officers of the National Police Immigration Service are not in uniform when accompanying returnees.
- What do assisted and forced returns cost?
Assisted return with the Organization for Migration (IOM) is free. If the police have to return you by force, you will have to cover your own and the police's costs in connection with the return.
You will have to repay these costs in order to re-enter Norway at a later time. If you are uncertain whether you owe money from your return, send an email to: mailto:email@example.com The email does not have to be in Norwegian.
- Can I be returned to a country that is not my home country?
You have to go to a country where you are a citizen or have a valid residence permit. If you have already applied for asylum in a country covered by the Dublin Regulation, you will have to go there to have your application processed. The travel to a country covered by the Dublin Regulation must be organised by the police.
- When will I get my documents back (passport, ID card, etc.)?
If you handed over your documents to the Norwegian authorities, they will be returned to you when you leave from Oslo Airport Gardermoen or upon arrival in your home country. If your documents have been handed over to the authorities in your home country in connection with a forced return, you may have to contact them to get your documents back.
- Will I be informed in advance of a forced return?
If you choose to remain illegally in Norway, and the police have to forcibly return you, you will not be informed in advance. You can be arrested and returned at any time.
- Will I be staying at the Norwegian Police Immigration Detention Centre before I am returned?
Some will be staying briefly at the detention centre before their return, but others may be taken directly to the airport and returned on the same day they are arrested.
- Will I be escorted by the police all the way to my home country?
The police will consider whether this is necessary in each individual case. More than half of all forced returns take place without police escort. If we believe that an escort will be unnecessary, you will be taken to the airport and escorted onto the flight, but you will not be escorted on the flight itself.